The Ministry of industry and information technolog

2022-09-21
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Ministry of industry and information technology: first public disclosure of the formulation of "made in China 2025"

Miao Wei, Minister of industry and information technology, accepted a collective interview with the media, publicly disclosed the formulation of "made in China 2025" for the first time, and answered questions on how to deal with the downward pressure of manufacturing, intelligent manufacturing, industrial interconnection, industrial robots and other hot spots. On March 6, 2015, Miao Wei, Minister of industry and information technology, received a collective interview with the media, publicly disclosed the formulation of made in China 2025 for the first time, and answered questions on how to deal with the downward pressure of manufacturing, intelligent manufacturing, industrial interconnection, industrial robots and other hot spots

the made in China 2025 outline mainly includes five aspects

: we note that in this year's government work report, the made in China 2025 development plan is put forward. Is it the overall plan and roadmap for the future of China's manufacturing industry? What is the basic idea? What are the differences with German industry 4.0

Miao Wei: in the government work report of the premier of the NPC and CPPCC this year, it is proposed to formulate the made in China 2025 planning outline. This is a major event in the development of China's manufacturing industry. In the process of coping with the international financial crisis, in 2010, China became the world's largest manufacturing country, which is also after 150 years in history, we regained the position of the largest manufacturing country. We are a large manufacturing country, but we are not a strong manufacturing country. We do not have a large number of internationally competitive backbone enterprises. There are still a number of major technologies and equipment to be broken through in industrial development. In addition, we should also have some important products to occupy a place in the international market. These aspects show that we still need to transform, work hard and struggle from a large manufacturing country to a powerful manufacturing country

according to this idea, on the basis of more than 150 experts from the Chinese Academy of Engineering spent a year and a half on strategic demonstration, we spent more than a year formulating the made in China 2025 planning outline. This plan will take about three decades to complete China's transformation from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power. We also put forward a three-step strategy. Made in China 2025 is a three-step action plan for the first decade. It is also a road map and has its timetable

after the approval and release of the State Council, we will also organize the industrial industry to seriously publicize and implement this outline. The main contents of this outline are as follows: the first is to emphasize innovation driven, the second is quality first, the third is green development, the fourth is structural optimization, and the fifth is talent oriented. By implementing the outline of the plan, we have laid a good foundation for the next two steps. Through these ten years' efforts, we can enter the second square of the global manufacturing industry

made in China 2025 has many similarities and differences with German industry 4.0. The level of industrial development in China and Germany is not at the same starting point or level. From what we know, it will take years for Germany to achieve industry 4.0. It is not that Germany has achieved industry 4.0 now. It is roughly in the same period of time as our made in China 2025. In terms of content, German industry 4.0 is similar to the deep integration of industrialization and informatization we proposed earlier. I saw a very intuitive scene introducing German industry 4.0: industry 3.0 is the digitization and intellectualization of machinery and equipment. The picture shows a robot grabbing a cargo from the shelf and loading it into a truck; Industry 4.0 still uses this picture, but it draws a small arc on shelves, robots and cars, which shows that these three are connected with each other through wireless, broadband, mobile and ubiquitous networks. This intuitively shows that in the future, intelligent devices and products can be connected through wired and wireless communication, which is often referred to as the concept of IOT or industrial interconnection

if there is any difference, it is our development stage and level. Germany is generally in the stage of development from 3.0 to 4.0. Some of our industrial enterprises may have to take the course of development from 2.0 to 3.0 before they can develop to 4.0. We should choose a better and faster development path in combination with China's national conditions and the reality of China's industrial enterprises

ppi decline reasons and Countermeasures

: data show that China's PPI has fallen for more than 30 consecutive months, and PMI is also lower than the boom and bust line. What kind of situation is China's manufacturing industry facing and how to deal with it

Miao Wei: indeed, as you said, from March 2012 to January this year, China's industrial producer price index (PPI) has declined for 35 consecutive months, which is rare in history. For example, last year, China's PPI fell by 1.9%, of which the price of means of production fell by 2.5%, and the price of means of living remained flat year-on-year

there are three reasons for this. The first reason is the decline of upstream energy, raw materials and ore prices; The second reason is the decline of international import prices, such as the sharp fluctuations in the price of coal and crude oil, and the decline of light industrial products such as cotton from the highest 19000 yuan/ton to 13500 yuan/ton, which is quite large; The third reason is overcapacity in China. These problems are caused by the adjustment of China's economic structure, the adjustment of economic growth and the digestion of the impact of the previous stimulus policies, which is the result of the superposition of these three periods

to solve this problem, we should start from four aspects: first, we should unswervingly adjust the industrial structure, which has long been dominated by heavy chemical industry and a large number of exports of basic raw materials. After the international financial crisis, great changes have taken place in the international market, so we need to adjust the industrial structure and develop to the high end of the industrial value chain

second, we should unswervingly implement the innovation driven development strategy, firmly establish that enterprises are the main body of technological innovation, establish an innovation system that takes enterprises as the main body and combines industry, University, research and application, encourage enterprises to increase R & D investment, increase the technical content of products, improve added value, and increase support for technological transformation at the same time

third, we should reduce the serious overcapacity in some industries according to the requirements of the central government, and better solve the problem of overcapacity within a certain period of time, including suspending the approval of new steel, electrolytic aluminum, cement, flat glass and other aspects of capacity, and the capacity under construction should also be suspended or postponed, so as to digest the excess capacity for a period of time. Fourth, our department has been focusing on the elimination of some backward production capacity, which has achieved good results. Through these measures, we will improve the quality and efficiency of industrial development, transform the industrial structure, and lay a good foundation for a new round of development of these industries and enterprises. The fifth is to further reduce the burden on enterprises and increase support for small and micro enterprises

: why has the small panel control system not been widely used this year? In response to such questions, the government work report proposed a 7% GDP growth target, which should be a test for Industry and a not low target

Miao Wei: before the 1990s, under the planned economy or the shortage economy, as long as we can produce, we basically did not worry about sales. Since this century, the massive export of industrial products has brought new demands for economic development. In the new round of development, this situation has changed a lot. Therefore, we must seriously adjust the industrial structure, and then rely on the development model that consumed a lot of resources and energy in the past and brought a lot of negative environmental impact can no longer be sustainable

the coordinated development of regional economy requires a multi pronged approach

: just now we talked about some pressures faced by industry. From a regional perspective, enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta are now facing the pressure of rising labor costs, shrinking markets and industrial transformation. As China's old industrial base, enterprises in the three eastern provinces are also losing money on a large scale, and the central and western regions, as the places to undertake industrial transfer, are also facing many problems. What kind of problems does made in China face? How will the Ministry of industry and information technology solve it

Miao Wei: these problems have always existed in our development. For example, the positioning of regional industrial development is not clear enough, the regional industrial structure converges, and there is no interconnected main functional area. In addition, various regions are basically in the relationship of competition rather than competition and cooperation in the development. With the downward economic growth, this problem is becoming more and more prominent

to solve this problem, we need to take comprehensive measures in a multi pronged manner. The first is to implement the regional coordinated development strategy and promote the implementation of the planning of the main functional areas. Which areas are suitable for development? Which regions restrict development? Which areas are strictly prohibited from development? In the past, there was a plan for the main functional area, which should be implemented. The second is to establish the relationship of coordinated development between regions. Especially since the 18th CPC National Congress, the CPC Central Committee has put forward three regional development strategies: the the Belt and Road, the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and the development strategy of the Yangtze River economic belt. We should implement the strategic plan for the coordinated development of the three regions. The third is to promote the orderly transfer of industries. Some industries in coastal areas, affected by factors such as land, resources, excellent anti yellowing and anti precipitation capacity of the environment, and rising labor costs, have proposed to move to areas with lower costs and more favorable for enterprise development, and some have begun to take action. We want to promote the orderly transfer of industries to the central and western regions by implementing the plan for the coordinated development of the three regions. The fourth is to establish an environment for enterprises to gather and develop. In the early stage, we have approved the establishment of many new industrialization demonstration bases in all provinces. On this basis, industrial parks will be established to promote the coordinated development between the eastern region, the central and western regions, and the northeast region, including Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. Through this measure, the regional development will be more coordinated, and each regional development will also have its own industrial positioning and highlight its own characteristics and advantages

: maybe this highlights the overall layout

Miao Wei: This requires the overall layout and we need to create a good environment. For example, the flow of some factors should be smoother, and some problems in GDP accounting and tax payment in two places caused by cross regional development, mergers and acquisitions of enterprises should be solved, so as to create a better environment for enterprise development

the Ministry of industry and information technology is participating in the research of major national intelligent manufacturing projects

: is intelligent manufacturing a core part of the 4.0 version of Chinese industry? At present, when the development of Intelligent Manufacturing in China loses balance again, what level should it be able to automatically restore the balance? What measures will the MIIT take to promote the development of intelligent manufacturing

Miao Wei: since last year, we have been studying the connotation of the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform in the world. Although all aspects of understanding are not completely consistent, opinions vary, each has its own point of view, but there are similarities in differences. The common point is that the promotion and popularization of wired, especially wireless, mobile, broadband and ubiquitous networks, has brought a new round of development opportunities. Internet can change the way of human life and industrial production, and provide many new services, new formats and new development models. And connected technology

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